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Safety Signs and Symbols Standards for safety signs and symbols are used to alert workers of hazards ranging in severity and in the US, both ANSI and OSHA have a classification scheme for these types of signs. Color codes are used to indicate the type of sign or severity of the hazard as are specific words. ANSI uses "danger", "warning", "caution", "notice". The standards define the size of the signs and letters, the placement and other key factors to help workers be aware of the hazards present. OSHA publishes regulations governing signs in the Code of Federal Regulations CFR19.

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ANSI Z400.1/Z129.1-2010
Hazardous Workplace Chemicals - Hazard Evaluation and Safety Data Sheet and Precautionary Labeling Preparation
The SDS is an important resource and provides a wide range of information. Details on material identity, manufacturer information, hazard classification, emergency information, instructions on what to do if a hazardous situation has occurred, information on the prevention of hazardous situations, as well as other technical information are contained in an SDS.


ANSI/NEMA Z535 SET
Safety color code - Complete set - ANSI/NEMA Z535.1, ANSI/NEMA Z535.2, ANSI/NEMA Z535.3, ANSI/NEMA Z535.4, ANSI/NEMA Z535.5, ANSI/NEMA Z535.6 and ANSI/NEMA Z535-2011
Includes all six parts and color chart: ANSI/NEMA Z535-2011, ANSI/NEMA Z535.1-2006 (R2011), ANSI/NEMA Z535.2-2011, ANSI/NEMA Z535.3-2011, ANSI/NEMA Z535.4-2011, ANSI/NEMA Z535.5-2011, ANSI/NEMA Z535.6-2011


ANSI/NEMA Z535.1-2006 (R2011)
Safety colors
Z535.1 sets forth the technical definitions, color standards, and color tolerances for the ANSI Z535 safety colors.


ANSI/NEMA Z535.2-2011
Environmental and Facility Safety Signs
Z535.2 sets forth requirements for the design, application, and use of safety signs in facilities and in the environment.


ANSI/NEMA Z535.3-2011
Criteria for safety symbols
Z535.3 provides general criteria for the design, evaluation, and use of safety symbols to identify and warn against specific hazards, and to provide information to avoid personal injury.


ANSI/NEMA Z535.4-2011
Product safety signs and labels
Z535.4 sets forth performance requirements for the design, application, use and placement of safety signs and labels on a wide variety of products. (Incorporates corrections and changes)


ANSI/NEMA Z535.5-2011
Safety tags and barricade tapes (for temporary hazards)
Z535.5 sets forth requirements for the design, application, and use of safety tags and barricade tapes for temporary hazards. These tags and tapes are to be used only until the identified hazard is eliminated or the hazardous operation is completed. (Incorporates corrections and changes.)


ANSI/NEMA Z535.6-2011
Product safety information in product manuals, instructions, and other collateral materials
Z535.6 sets forth requirements for the design and location of product safety messages in collateral materials for a wide variety of products. (Incorporates corrections and changes.)


ANSI/NEMA Z535-2011
Safety color chart
The Z535 Safety Color Chart will bear a 2011 designation with updated and corrected information concerning ink specifications for the Z535 safety colors.


BS 5499-10:2006
Safety signs, including fire safety signs. Code of practice for the use of safety signs, including fire safety signs (British Standard)


BS 5499-4:2013
Safety signs. Code of practice for escape route signing (British Standard)


ISO 20712-1:2008
Water safety signs and beach safety flags - Part 1: Specifications for water safety signs used in workplaces and public areas
ISO 20712-1:2008 prescribes water safety signs intended for use in connection with the aquatic environment. It is intended for use by owners and operators of aquatic environments and by manufacturers of signs and equipment. However, it is not applicable to signalling used for maritime traffic. The shape and colour required to be used for safety signs, as prescribed by ISO 3864-1, are given together with the graphical symbols contained within each sign. The water safety sign originals meet the design criteria of ISO 3864-3. ISO 20712-1:2008 specifies the water safety sign originals that may be scaled for reproduction and application purposes. ISO 20712-1:2008 includes water safety signs which require that supplementary text signs be used in conjunction with these water safety signs to improve comprehension.


ISO 3864-1:2011
Graphical symbols - Safety colours and safety signs - Part 1: Design principles for safety signs and safety markings
ISO 3864-1:2011 establishes the safety identification colours and design principles for safety signs and safety markings to be used in workplaces and in public areas for the purpose of accident prevention, fire protection, health hazard information and emergency evacuation. It also establishes the basic principles to be applied when developing standards containing safety signs. ISO 3864-1:2011 is applicable to all locations where safety issues related to people need to be addressed. However, it is not applicable to the signalling used for guiding rail, road, river, maritime and air traffic and, generally speaking, to those sectors subject to a regulation which may differ.

This standard is also available from: BS  /  DIN


ISO 3864-2:2004
Graphical symbols - Safety colours and safety signs - Part 2: Design principles for product safety labels
ISO 3864-2:2004 establishes additional principles to ISO 3864-1 for the design of safety labels for products, i.e. any items manufactured and offered for sale in the normal course of commerce, including but not limited to consumer products and industrial equipment. The purpose of a product safety label is to alert persons to a specific hazard and to identify how the hazard can be avoided. ISO 3864-2:2004 is applicable to all products in all industries where safety-related questions can be posed. However, it is not applicable to safety labels used for chemicals, for the transport of dangerous substances and preparations, and in those sectors subject to legal regulations which differ from certain provisions of this document. The design principles incorporated in ISO 3864-2:2004 are intended to be used by all ISO Technical Committees and anyone designing product safety labels in the development of product safety label standards for their industries or services. Statutory or regulatory requirements in some countries may differ from some requirements given in ISO 3864-2:2004. To facilitate international standardization of product safety labels, ISO 3864-2:2004 should be considered when revising regulations. IMPORTANT -- The colours represented in the electronic file of ISO 3864-2:2004 can be neither viewed on screen nor printed as true representations. Although the copies of ISO 3864-2:2004 printed by ISO have been produced to correspond (with an acceptable tolerance as judged by the naked eye) to the colour requirements, it is not intended that these printed copies be used for colour matching. Instead, refer to the colorimetric and photometric properties specified in ISO 3864-1:2002 and ISO 3864-2:2004. As guidelines, references from colour order systems are provided in ISO 3864-2:2004 for safety colour orange and ISO 3864-1:2002 for other safety colours.

This standard is also available from: ISO Amendment 2011  /  DIN  /  DIN Amendment 2011


ISO 3864-3:2012
Graphical symbols - Safety colours and safety signs - Part 3: Design principles for graphical symbols for use in safety signs
ISO 3864-3:2012 gives principles, criteria and guidance for the design of graphical symbols for use in safety signs as defined in ISO 3864 1, and for the safety sign element of product safety labels as defined in ISO 3864 2.

This standard is also available from: BS  /  DIN


ISO 3864-4:2011
Graphical symbols - Safety colours and safety signs - Part 4: Colorimetric and photometric properties of safety sign materials
ISO 3864-4:2011 establishes the colorimetric and photometric requirements and test methods for the colours of safety signs to be used in workplaces and public areas. It provides the colorimetric and photometric specifications for the named safety and contrast colours prescribed in ISO 3864-1. The physical requirements that safety signs have to meet are primarily related to daytime colour and normally lit environments. ISO 3864-4:2011 also includes the colorimetric requirements and test methods for safety signs and phosphorescent material which also operate in unlit environments. ISO 3864-4:2011 is applicable to all locations where safety issues related to people need to be addressed. However, it is not applicable to signalling used for guiding rail, road, river, maritime and air traffic and, generally speaking, to those sectors subject to a regulation that may differ. The colorimetric and photometric properties of retroreflective safety signs, retroreflective materials combined with fluorescent or phosphorescent materials, or luminous safety signs activated by a radioactive source are not specified in ISO 3864-4:2011.

This standard is also available from: BS


NFPA 170-2009
NFPA 170: Standard for Fire Safety and Emergency Symbols, 2009 Edition
Standard for Fire Safety and Emergency Symbols presents uniform symbols used for fire safety, emergency, and associated hazards. It is intended for the general public and the fire service, as well as for architectural and engineering drawing, insurance diagrams, fire fighting operations, and pre-incident planning sketches.


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