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Machine and Tool Safety Standards

Machine and Tool Safety Standards address all of the fundamental aspects of the safe design, manufacture, and operation of machines and tools. These standards encompass a wide range of machine and tool safety issues, spanning from general safety-related terminology, basic concepts and principles of use applicable to a broad spectrum of machines and tools, guidelines for their optimal design, and risk assessment and reduction practices, to the very focused delineation of safety practices relevant to numerous specific types of machines and tools. The variety of machinery covered includes textile machinery, laundry and dry-cleaning machinery, earth-moving machinery, forestry and agriculture machinery, plastics and rubber machinery, hand-held electric tools, transportable electric tools, and more. OSHA’s Hand and Power Tool page provides relevant safety guidelines for different types of tools while their Machine Guarding page addresses safety principles for the operation of various kinds of machines.


General Machine and Tool Safety  Standards General Machine and Tool Safety Standards

General Machine and Tool Safety Standards provide basic operation guidelines focused on the main terminology and optimal design principles for machine and tool safety. The basic recommendations for the safety of integrated manufacturing systems found here address safety aspects relevant to the interconnections of machines and their component parts. Standards regarding safety-related parts of control systems include software design principles and procedures for the incorporation of safety functions into machine designs. Furthermore, these standards outline fire protection and prevention, as well as general risk assessment and reduction practices that can be incorporated into the operation of a multitude of different machines and tools. Visit OSHA’s Hand and Power Tool page to learn more about specific safety precautions for different types of tools.


Machine Tool specific standards Machine Tool Specific Standards

Machine Tool Specific Standards delineate guidelines for the safe function and operation of a wide assortment of types of machines tools. These standards address safety principles for the use of turning machines, work-holding chucks, electro-discharge machines, drilling machines, pneumatic presses, milling machines, and many others. These standards specify appropriate methods of design and utilization of said machine tools in order to mange hazards and reduce risk. Also included within is the expansive ANSI B11 Machine Tools Safety Package, containing over thirty standards with each delving into a particular machine tool.


Textile Machinery Standards Textile Machinery Standards

Textile Machinery Standards outline safety recommendations for the operation and maintenance of textile machines and their components. The machines covered include spinning machines, nonwoven machines, yarn processing machines, fabric manufacturing machines, dyeing machines, and more. Safety guidelines for the use of sewing machines, units, and systems are also included. Textile machinery standards also specify some of the hazards associated with the various types of textile machinery as well as countermeasures for each type. Visit the American Textile Machinery’s site to learn more about textile machinery standards.


Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machinery  Standards Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machinery Standards

Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machinery Standards address safety precautions associated with laundry and dry-cleaning machines of all sizes used in industrial as well as commercial settings. First identifying the most significant hazards associated with laundry and dry-cleaning machinery, these standards then offer guidance for safety-oriented design. Through the specification of proper usage and maintenance practices, the proper application of Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machinery Standards helps in minimizing health and safety risks. To learn more about safety in the workplace, visit HSE's "Health and Safety in the Laundries and Dry-Cleaning Industries" page.


Earth-Moving Machinery Standards Earth-Moving Machinery Standards

Earth-Moving Machinery Standards apply to machines, attachments, and derived machinery designed for loosening, picking-up, moving, transporting and/or distributing earth, or to grade earth and rock. These standards identify the hazards associated with numerous and diverse types of earth-moving machines and lay out guidelines for the reduction of such risks as those arising during commissioning, operation, or maintenance. Among the machines included here are tractor-dozers, loaders, backhoe-loaders, excavators, dumpers, scrapers, pipelayers, trenchers, landfill compactors, cable excavators, and rollers.


Forestry and Agriculture Machinery  Standards Forestry and Agriculture Machinery Standards

Forestry and Agriculture Machinery Standards provide safety fundamentals involving the design, construction, and acceptable implementations of machines associated with forestry and agriculture. The machines referenced in these standards include woodworking equipment, irrigation machines, seed drills, various mowers, pruners, chain saws, and many others. Safety concerns and hazard prevention techniques unique to each of these machines are expounded upon. Read more about what makes Agriculture Machinery Safety so vital from the Texas AgriLife Extension Service (pdf).


Plastics and Rubber Machinery  Standards Plastics and Rubber Machinery Standards

Plastics and Rubber Machinery Standards identify significant hazards arising from use of plastics and rubber machines and specify essential safety guidelines for their design and construction. The standards cover a large variety of plastics and rubber machines such as extruders, injection and blow molding machines, size reduction machines, internal mixers, calenders, winding machines, two roll mills, presses, and more. For the latest news in plastics and rubber machine safety, visit Plastics and Rubber Weekly Magazine’s website.


Hand-Held Electric Tool Standards Hand-Held Electric Tool Standards

Hand-Held Electric Tool Standards provide safety guidelines and regulations for the design, manufacture, and operation of an extensive range of hand-held motor-operated or magnetically driven electric tools. These standards analyze the potential hazards from reasonably expected misuse of electric tools and identify practices for risk reduction. Among the specific electric tools covered are screwdrivers, wrenches, grinders, sanders, saws, hammers, shears, tappers, drain cleaners, and polishers. Safety standards for hand-held tools which can be mounted on a support and used as fixed tools are also included here.


Transportable Electric Tool Standards Transportable Electric Tool Standards

Transportable Electric Tool Standards outline principles of safe operation regarding work with transportable motor-operated electric tools. This series consists of recommendations for several particular types of tools such as saw benches, planers, bench grinders, band saws, diamond drills, vertical moulders, threading machines, and cutting-off grinders. Not only do these standards identify and describe the most pronounced hazards and risks associated with transportable electric tools, they also assess methods of managing these dangers and enhancing safety.


Machine and Tool Safety Standards Other Machine and Tool Safety Standards

Machine and Tool Safety Standards comprise a set of safety standards which encompass an eclectic group of machines and tools. Pressure-sensitive protective devices, laser processing machinery, packaging machinery, and building construction machinery are only a few of the many types of machines that are addressed within. Hazards unique to each of these machines are explained in full and procedures for risk assessment and risk reduction are provided. For example, you can read more about laser-related machinery standards in this abstract from the Michigan Technological University (pdf).


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