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Greenhouse Gases Standards Greenhouse gases (GHG) reduction and removal is an increasingly important issue in today’s world. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) accredits GHG Validation/Verification Bodies (V/VB) that, in turn, provide validation/verification of assertions made by those involved in GHG reduction.

Greenhouse gases are a group of gases so named for their role in the greenhouse effect, the process through which those gases reflect light back toward the Earth’s surface, effectively heating it up. Chief among them are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone, each contributing in different ways to the overall greenhouse effect.

In response to concerns raised over the magnitude of the human contribution to the amount of GHG in the atmosphere and their effects, reduction efforts have been undertaken at every level of organization, from local projects to regional and multinational agreements to those stretching over a global scale. Subsequently, assertions put forth by those involved in GHG reduction, as well as proper enforcement of adherence to legal and contractual obligations together create a need for a system of validation and verification by impartial third parties of GHG assertions.

ANSI provides accreditation for GHG V/VBs through the “ANSI Accreditation Program for Greenhouse Gas Validation/Verification Bodies.” In order to earn ANSI accreditation, a V/VB must be operating in accordance to the requirements defined in the international standard ISO 14065:2013, including qualities such as consistency and impartiality. From there, ANSI-accredited entities validate/verify GHG assertions put forth by those involved in GHG reduction. Lastly, investors, the general public, and regulators can then act accordingly and with confidence in the validity of the GHG emissions and reductions data provided to them.

In addition to offering standards guiding the validation/verification of GHG assertions, ANSI also offers standards aimed at guiding the quantification, monitoring, and reporting of GHG emissions, reductions, and removals. A discounted standards package containing five of the standards listed below is also available.

As a further resource, the web presence of the ANSI Accreditation Program for Greenhouse Gas Validation/Verification Bodies itself serves to guide those interested in GHG reduction. From detailing the accreditation application process to listing major GHG programs that recognize ANSI accreditation and all currently ANSI-accredited V/VBs, as well as answering Frequently Asked Questions, the program’s page is helpful regardless of what your role in GHG management is.

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ISO 14064 - Greenhouse Gases Package
ISO 14064-1:2006, ISO 14064-2:2006, ISO 14064-3:2006, ISO 14065:2013 and ISO 14066:2011
The Greenhouse Gases Package provides specification with guidance at the organization and project level for quantifying, monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emission reductions or removal enhancements. The organization level applies to an organization's greenhouse gas inventory, which includes the requirements for the design, development, management and reporting of the inventory. The project level includes the requirements for planning a greenhouse gas project and identifying / selecting sources, sinks and reservoirs. Also additional information is provided in this package for validating and verifying greenhouse gas assertions and for use in accreditation or other forms of recognition. This package contains the following ISO documents: ISO 14064-1:2006, ISO 14064-2:2006, ISO 14064-3:2006, ISO 14065:2013 and ISO 14066:2011.


ISO 14064-1:2006
Greenhouse gases - Part 1: Specification with guidance at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals
ISO 14064-1:2006 specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greehouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organization's GHG inventory.

This standard is also available from: BS  /  DIN  /  ON  /  SS


ISO 14064-2:2006
Greenhouse gases - Part 2: Specification with guidance at the project level for quantification, monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emission reductions or removal enhancements
ISO 14064-2:2006 specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance at the project level for quantification, monitoring and reporting of activities intended to cause greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions or removal enhancements. It includes requirements for planning a GHG project, identifying and selecting GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs relevant to the project and baseline scenario, monitoring, quantifying, documenting and reporting GHG project performance and managing data quality.

This standard is also available from: BS  /  DIN  /  ON  /  SS


ISO 14064-3:2006
Greenhouse gases - Part 3: Specification with guidance for the validation and verification of greenhouse gas assertions
ISO 14064-3:2006 specifies principles and requirements and provides guidance for those conducting or managing the validation and/or verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) assertions. It can be applied to organizational or GHG project quantification, including GHG quantification, monitoring and reporting carried out in accordance with ISO 14064-1 or ISO 14064-2. ISO 14064-3:2006 specifies requirements for selecting GHG validators/verifiers, establishing the level of assurance, objectives, criteria and scope, determining the validation/verification approach, assessing GHG data, information, information systems and controls, evaluating GHG assertions and preparing validation/verification statements.

This standard is also available from: BS  /  DIN  /  ON  /  SS


ISO 14065:2013
Greenhouse gases - Requirements for greenhouse gas validation and verification bodies for use in accreditation or other forms of recognition
ISO 14065:2013 specifies principles and requirements for bodies that undertake validation or verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) assertions.

This standard is also available from: BS  /  DIN  /  ON  /  SS


ISO 14066:2011
Greenhouse gases - Competence requirements for greenhouse gas validation teams and verification teams
ISO 14066:2011 specifies competence requirements for validation teams and verification teams. ISO 14066:2011 complements the implementation of ISO 14065. ISO 14066:2011 is not linked to any particular greenhouse gas (GHG) programme. If a particular GHG programme is applicable, competence requirements of that GHG programme are additional to the requirements of ISO 14066:2011.

This standard is also available from: ISO - Spanish  /  BS  /  SS


ISO/TS 14067:2013
Greenhouse gases - Carbon footprint of products - Requirements and guidelines for quantification and communication
ISO/TS 14067:2013 specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and communication of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP), based on International Standards on life cycle assessment (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044) for quantification and on environmental labels and declarations (ISO 14020, ISO 14024 and ISO 14025) for communication. Requirements and guidelines for the quantification and communication of a partial carbon footprint of a product (partial CFP) are also provided. ISO/TS 14067:2013 is applicable to CFP studies and different options for CFP communication based on the results of such studies. Where the results of a CFP study are reported according to ISO/TS 14067:2013, procedures are provided to support both transparency and credibility and also to allow for informed choices. ISO/TS 14067:2013 also provides for the development of CFP-product category rules (CFP-PCR), or the adoption of product category rules (PCR) that have been developed in accordance with ISO 14025 and that are consistent with ISO/TS 14067:2013. ISO/TS 14067:2013 addresses only one impact category: climate change. Offsetting is outside of the scope of ISO/TS 14067:2013.

This standard is also available from: BS  /  SS


ISO/TR 14069:2013
Greenhouse gases - Quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions for organizations - Guidance for the application of ISO 14064-1
ISO/TR 14069:2013 describes the principles, concepts and methods relating to the quantification and reporting of direct and indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for an organization. It provides guidance for the application of ISO 14064-1 to greenhouse gas inventories at the organization level, for the quantification and reporting of direct emissions, energy indirect emissions and other indirect emissions. ISO/TR 14069:2013 describes for all organizations, including local authorities, the steps for: establishing organizational boundaries, in accordance with either a control approach (financial or operational) or an equity share approach; establishing operational boundaries, by identifying direct emissions and energy indirect emissions to be quantified and reported, as well as any other indirect emissions the organization chooses to quantify and report; for each category of emission, guidance is provided on specific boundaries and methodologies for the quantification of GHG emissions and removals; GHG reporting: guidance is provided to promote transparency regarding the boundaries, the methodologies used for the quantification of direct and indirect GHG emissions and removals, and the uncertainty of the results.

This standard is also available from: BS


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