Construction safety standards
“Construction safety standards” is a rather broad term, since much of what contributes to safety in this setting is handled by separate
technical committees responsible for their respective industries or equipment
(i.e. Cranes, “…particularly in respect of terminology, load rating, testing, safety…”). The standards below are a representative selection of safety standards commonly used in construction and demolition.
A10 Construction and Demolition Standards Package
A10 Construction and Demolition Standards Package
Scaffolding, Excavation, Steel Erection, Temporary Roof and Floor Holes, Wall Openings, Stairways and Other Unprotected Edges in Construction and Demolition Operations, Fall Protection Systems
ANSI ASC A14 Ladder Standards Package
ANSI ASC A14 Ladder Standards Package
The ANSI ASC A14 Ladder Standards Package is a comprehensive collection that provides the requirements for the construction, design, testing, care, use, labeling and marking of various types of ladders. The ladders include fixed, portable reinforced plastic, portable metal, wood and more.
ANSI/ASME B30. Construction Package
ANSI/ASME B30. Construction Package
The ANSI/ASME B30. Construction Package is a complete collection of the ANSI/ASME B30 standard series. The standards are applicable to various cranes, hoist, lifting systems and derricks. The standards for cranes contain provisions to construct, install, operate, inspect, test, maintain and use container, mobile and locomotive, monorails and underhung, overhead and gantry, stacker, portal, tower and pedestal cranes. Base-Mounted Drum Hoists, Manually Lever Operated Hoists, Overhead Hoists (Underhung) standards are also included in this package containing 27 construction standards.
ANSI/ASSE A10 Construction Package
ANSI/ASSE A10 Construction Package
The ANSI/ASSE A10 Construction Package is a comprehensive compliation of the ANSI/ASSE A10 series of safety construction standards. The standards provide the safety requirements for scaffolding, steel erection, safety nets and fall protection. Demolition operation standards address debris net systems, rope-guided and nonguided workers' hoists, commercial explosives and blasting agents, digger derricks, rigging qualifications and hearing loss prevention. The requirements for the safety of the public near construction sites and the health and safety of emplyees of construction enviroments are also supplied in this package which includes more than 30 construction and demolition standards.
ANSI/ASSE Z359 Fall Protection Code Package
The Z359 Fall Protection Code package includes: ANSI/ASSE Z359.0-2007 - Definitions and Nomenclature Used for Fall Protection and Fall Arrest; ANSI/ASSE Z359.1-2007 - Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components; ANSI/ASSE Z359.2-2007 - Minimum Requirements for a Comprehensive Managed Fall Protection Program; ANSI/ASSE Z359.3-2007 - Safety Requirements for Positioning and Travel Restraint Systems; ANSI/ASSE Z359.4-2007 - Safety Requirements for Assisted-Rescue and Self-Rescue Systems, Subsystems and Components; ANSI/ASSE Z359.6-2009 Specifications and Design Requirements for Active Fall Protection Systems; ANSI/ASSE Z359.12-2009 Connecting Components for Personal Fall Arrest System; ANSI/ASSE Z359.13-2009 Personal Energy Absorbers and Energy Absorbing Lanyards; ANSI/ASSE Z359.1-1992 (R1999) - Historical Document
Safety Requirements for Steel Erection
This standard establishes safety requirements for erecting, handling, fitting, fastening, reinforcing and dismantling of structural steel, plate steel, steel joist, and metal deck at a final in-place field site during construction, maintenance and dismantling operations.
Safety Requirements for Temporary Floors, Holes, Wall Openings, Stairways and Other Unprotected Edges in Construction and Demolition Operations
Prescribes rules and establishes minimum safety requirements for the protection of employees and the public from hazards arising out of or associated with temporary roof and floor holes, wall openings, stairways and other unprotected edges, including low-sloped roofs, during construction and demolition activities. This standard applies only to those instances when the leading edge work is inactive and is not currently under construction and is, therefore, considered an “unprotected side and edge”.
American National Standard - for Construction and Demolition Operations - Safety Requirements, Definitions and Specifications for Digger Derricks
- Equipment Covered - This standard applies to special multipurpose vehicle-mounted machines, commonly known as digger derricks. These machines are primarily designed to accommodate components that dig holes, set poles and position materials and apparatus.
- Equipment Excluded - Excluded from this standard are general-purpose cranes, designed only for lifting service and machines primarily designed for digging holes.
- Uniform Specification Data - This standard establishes uniform requirements for design, specifications and dimensions.
- Responsibilities - This standard defines the respective responsibilities of the manufacturer, dealer, installer, owner, renter, lessor or lessee, user and operator of the digger derrick.
Fall Protection Systems for Construction and Demolitions
This standard establishes performance criteria for personal fall protection equipment and systems in construction and demolition and provides guidelines, recommendations for their use and inspection. It includes, but is not limited to; fall arrest, restraint, positioning, climbing, descending, rescue, escape and training activities. Exceptions: This standard does not include lineman's body belts, pole straps, window washers belts, chest/waist harnesses, and sports equipment.
Safety and Health Program Requirements for Multi-Employer Program - American National Standard for Construction and Demolition Operations
This standard sets forth the minimum elements and activities of a program that defines the duties and responsibilities of construction employers working on a construction project where multiple employers are or will be engaged in the common undertaking to complete a construction project.
ANSI/ASSE A10.34-2001 (R2005)
Protection of the Public on or Adjacent to Construction Sites
This standard provides the recommended elements and activities on construction projects to provide protection for the public.
ANSI/ASSE A10.38-2000 (R2007)
Basic Elements of an Employer's Program to Provide a Safe and Healthful Work Environment
This Standard Establishes the Minimum Elements of a program for protecting the safety and health of employees involved in construction and demolition activities.
Reduction of Musculoskeletal Problems in Construction
This standard applies to construction work where there may be risk factors, which could lead to musculoskeletal problems for construction workers. This standard does not apply to office or administrative work performed by construction companies.
Safety Requirements for Personnel Hoists on Construction and Demolition Sites
This standard applies to the design, construction, installation, operation, inspection, testing, maintenance, alterations and repair of hoists and elevators that
These personnel hoists and employee elevators may also be used for transporting materials under specific circumstances defined in this standard.
- are not an integral part of buildings,
- are installed inside or outside buildings or structures during construction, alteration, demolition or operations and
- are used to raise and lower workers and other personnel connected with or related to the structure.
ANSI/ASSE A10.42-2000 (R2010)
Safety Requirements for Rigging Qualifications and Responsibilities
This standard establishes minimum criteria of knowledge and performance requirements for a qualified rigger in the construction industry. It is designed to assist in achieving reasonable safety of all persons and materials during the process of or as the result of rigging, lifting, or movement of loads.
Safety Requirements for Demolition Operations
This standard applies to the demolition of buildings and other structures.
Scaffolding Safety Requirements
This standard establishes safety requirements for the construction, operation, maintenance and use of scaffolds used in the construction, alteration, demolition and maintenance of buildings and structures.
Safe Practices for Motor Vehicle Operations
This standard sets forth practices for the safe operation of motor vehicles owned or operated by organizations, including: Definitions, Management, Leadership and administration, Operational environment, Driver considerations, Vehicle considerations, Incident reporting and analysis. These practices are designed for use by those
ANSI/ASSE Z244.1-2003 (R2008)
Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout and Alternative Methods
Cited in OSHA interpretations and private sector materials, the Z244.1 Standard is a significant standard used by many, if not most, SH&E professionals as a resource for
addressing control of hazardous energy and lockout/tagout. The scope and purpose of the standard is to establish requirements for the control of hazardous energy associated
with machines, equipment, or processes that could cause injury to personnel. The purpose of this standard is to establish requirements and performance objectives for
procedures, techniques, designs and methods that protect personnel where injury can occur as a result of the unexpected release of hazardous energy.
Unexpected release of hazardous energy can include any unintended motion, energization,
start-up or release of stored energy, deliberate or otherwise, from the perspective of the person(s) at risk.
ANSI/ASSE Z359.1-1992 (R1999)
Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components -(Historical Document)
Establishes requirements for the performance, design, marking, qualification, instruction,
training, inspection, use, maintenance, and removal from service of connectors,
full body harnesses, lanyards, energy absorbers, anchorage connectors, fall arresters,
vertical lifelines, and self-retracting lanyards comprising personal fall arrest
systems for users within the capacity range of 130 to 310 pounds (59 to 140 kg).
Specifications and Design Requirements for Active Fall Protection Systems
This standard is intended for engineers with expertise in designing fall protection
systems. It specifies requirements for the design and performance of complete active
fall protection systems, including travel restraint and vertical and horizontal
fall arrest systems.
American National Standard for High Visibility Safety Apparel and Headwear Devices
This standard specifies performance requirements for high visibility safety apparel
and headweare PPE. For the purpose of this standard, the term "garment" shall be
used to mean apparel and headwear PPE. These garments are intended to provide conspicuity
to the user in hazardous situations under any light conditions by day and under
illumination by vehicle headlights in the dark. Performance requirements are included
for color, retroreflection, and minimum areas, as well as the recommended configuration
of the materials. Performance, requirements are also provided for the physical properties
of background materials used in the construction of high-visibility safety apparel
and headwear. Test methods are provided in the standard to help ensure that a minimum
level of visibility is maintained when garments are subjected to ongoing care procedures.
Safety tags and barricade tapes (for temporary hazards)
Z535.5 sets forth requirements for the design, application, and use of safety tags
and barricade tapes for temporary hazards. These tags and tapes are to be used only
until the identified hazard is eliminated or the hazardous operation is completed.
(Incorporates corrections and changes.)
Rigging Hardware - Safety Standard for Cableways, Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Hooks, Jacks, and Slings
The ASME B30 Standard contains provisions that apply to the construction, installation,
operation, inspection, testing, maintenance, and use of cranes and other lifting
and material-handling related equipment.
Tower Cranes Safety Standard for Cableways, Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Hooks, Jacks, and Slings
B30.3 applies to construction tower cranes and permanently mounted tower cranes,
powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines, and any variations thereof
which retain the same fundamental characteristics. The scope includes cranes of
the above types that adjust operating radius by means of a boom (jib) luffing mechanism,
or by means of a trolley traversing a horizontal boom (jib), or by means of a combination
of the two. Construction tower cranes and permanently mounted tower cranes may be
mounted on fixed or traveling bases. Additional mounting means for construction
tower cranes may include arrangements that permit the crane to climb in the structure
being built, or that permit increasing the tower height as the structure rises and
utilizing braces attached to the host structure as needed.
Standard Practice for Safe Walking Surfaces
- This practice covers design and construction guidelines and minimum maintenance
criteria for new and existing buildings and structures. This practice is intended
to provide reasonably safe walking surfaces for pedestrians wearing ordinary footwear.
These guidelines may not be adequate for those with certain mobility impairments.
- Conformance with this practice will not alleviate all hazards; however, conformance
will reduce certain pedestrian risks.
- The values stated in inch-pound units
are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical
conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered
- This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns,
if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard
to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability
of regulatory limitations prior to use.
Mobile elevating work platforms. Design calculations. Stability criteria. Construction. Safety. Examinations and tests
ISO 16368:2010 specifies safety requirements and preventive measures, and the means
for their verification, for all types and sizes of mobile elevating work platforms
(MEWPs) intended for moving persons to working positions. It gives the structural
design calculations and stability criteria, construction, safety examinations and
security tests to be applied before a MEWP is first put into service, identifies
the hazards arising from the use of MEWPs and describes methods for the elimination
or reduction of those hazards.
It is applicable to those
ropes used on the following types of cranes, the majority of which are defined in
ISO 4306‑1: cable and portal cable cranes; cantilever cranes (pillar jib, wall or
walking); deck cranes; derrick and guy derrick cranes; derrick cranes with rigid
bracing; floating cranes; mobile cranes; overhead travelling cranes; portal or semi-portal
bridge cranes; portal or semi-portal cranes; railway cranes; tower cranes; offshore
Cranes - Wire ropes - Care and maintenance, inspection and discard
ISO 4309:2010 establishes general principles for the care and maintenance, and inspection
and discard of steel wire ropes used on cranes and hoists.
Safety requirements for lifts (elevators) - Part 4: Global conformity assessment procedures (GCAP) - Certification and accreditation requirements
ISO/TS 22559-4:2011 specifies
- requirements for certification of conformity for model lifts,
- lift (elevator) systems, lift components or lift functions by global conformity assessment bodies (GCAB),
- related responsibilities of GCABs, and
- requirements for accreditation of GCABs, and
- guidance and clarification to ISO/IEC Guide 65
ANSI S2.73-2002 (R 2007) / ISO 10819:1996
Mechanical vibration and shock - Hand-arm vibration - Method for the measurement and evaluation of the vibration transmissibility of gloves at the palm of the hand
This Nationally Adopted International Standard specifies a method for the laboratory
measurement, the data analysis and reporting of the vibration transmissibility of
gloves in terms of vibration transmission from a handle to the palm of the hand
in the frequency range from 31.5 Hz to 1250 Hz. The standard is intended to define
a screening test for the vibration transmission through gloves. It is recognized
that many factors influence the transmission of vibration through gloves. Therefore
the transmissibility value according to this standard is not sufficient to assess
the health risk due to vibration. The transmissibility of vibration is measured
and reported for two input spectra, which are representative of the vibration of
some tools, and may be reported as a function of frequency.
ANSI S3.44-1996 (R 2006)
Determination of Occupational Noise Exposure and Estimation of Noise-Induced Hearing Impairment (with Erratum)
The standard is an adaptation of the international standard ISO 1999:1990(E) of
the same name. Unlike the international standard, this standard allows assessment
of noise exposure using a time/intensity trading relation other than a 3-decibel
increase per halving of exposure time. This standard presents, in statistical terms,
the relationship between noise exposures and changes in hearing threshold levels
for a noiseexposed population. This standard can also be applied to the calculation
of the risk of incurring hearing handicap from sustained daily exposure to noise.
Guidance is provided as to the measurement of noise exposure.