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Confined Spaces Safety Standards Confined Spaces Safety Standards address the health and safety of individuals in confined spaces. This includes the overall management and minimization of time spent within confined spaces, as well as the recommended preparation, training, equipment, and procedures for the various environments present therein.

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ANSI/ASABE S607 OCT2010
Ventilating Manure Storages to Reduce Entry Risk
The primary purpose of this standard is to reduce risk from asphyxiation, poisoning, and explosions when entering confined space manure storages by specifying the positive pressure, forced ventilation requirements, including ventilation system layout, air exchange rates, and minimum ventilation times, for evacuation of contaminant gases from, and replenishment of oxygen into, empty or nearly empty covered or partially covered confined-space, on-farm, manure storages, reception tanks, agitation tanks and other similar containers that hold/contain manure prior to entry.


ANSI/ASSE Z117.1-2009
Safety Requirements for Confined Spaces
This standard provides minimum safety requirements to be followed while entering, exiting and working in confined spaces at normal atmospheric pressure.


ANSI/ASSE Z117.1-2009 Package
Safety Requirements for Confined Spaces with Comparison Document for versions 1995, 2003 and 2009
This standard provides minimum safety requirements to be followed while entering, exiting and working in confined spaces at normal atmospheric pressure. Comparison document attempts to note the changes in the Z117.1 standard.


ANSI/ISA 92.04.01 Part I-2007 (R2013)
Requirements for Instruments Used To Detect Oxygen-Deficient/Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres
This standard addresses the details of construction, performance, and testing of portable, mobile, and stationary electrical instruments used to provide a warning of the presence of oxygen-deficient or oxygen-enriched atmospheres.


AS 2865-2009
Confined spaces (FOREIGN STANDARD)
Sets out the requirements and risk control measures for ensuring the safety of those who must enter or carry out tasks associated with a confined space. Contains Sections dealing with planning and implementing entry to a confined space. Appendices include guidance for training, risk assessment, atmospheric monitoring and sample forms and permits associated with confined space work.


AS/NZS 2865:2001
Safe working in a confined space (FOREIGN STANDARD)
Provides requirements and guidance in eliminating or minimizing the need to enter confined spaces and in avoiding hazards which may be encountered where entry to a confined space is unavoidable. Contains Sections dealing with risk identification and assessment, monitoring prior to entry, education and training as well as emergency response. Appendices provide additional guidance for cleaning and the precautions needed when undertaking hot work. A sample risk assessment form and written authority to enter are provided, as is a typical check list.


ASTM D4276-02(2012)
Standard Practice for Confined Area Entry
1.1 This practice covers recognized procedures necessary to protect the health and safety of workers required to enter confined spaces. These procedures are particularly applicable to entry into the confined areas associated with the use of halogenated organic solvents. 1.2 Confined areas addressed in this practice include, but are not limited to: vapor degreasers, cold cleaning tanks, storage vessels, tank cars and trucks, van trailers, ships or barges, pits or sumps, and unventilated rooms. 1.3 This practice does not necessarily address entry into all confined spaces nor does it address the decision strategy involved in requiring such entry. 1.4 Although this practice describes specific safety steps to be taken for entry into confined spaces, it is not intended to preclude the use of any additional measures that may be deemed necessary for a particular situation. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


ASTM F1764-97(2012)
Standard Guide for Selection of Hardline Communication Systems for Confined-Space Rescue
1.1 This guide covers recommended criteria for the selection of hardwire communication systems for use in permit-required confined-space rescue operations. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


ASTM F2209-14
Standard Guide for Training of Land Search Team Member
1.1 This guide establishes the minimum training requirements for land search personnel as it relates to their general, field, and search specific knowledge and skills. 1.2 A Land Search Team Member searches on the surface of the land only, including urban or disaster areas that may be isolated or have lost supporting infrastructure. 1.3 This guide does not provide the minimum training requirements for searching in partially or fully collapsed structures, in or on water, in confined spaces, or underground (such as caves, mines, and tunnels.) 1.4 Personnel trained to this guide are not qualified to perform rescue. No knots, rope, high angle or low angle litter, or other rescue skills are required of a Land Search Team Member. 1.5 Personnel trained to this guide are not qualified to operate in leadership positions. 1.6 Land Search Team Members are eligible to be members of Type II search teams or crews as defined in Classification F1993 . 1.7 Further training may be required before a Land Search Team Member can participate on a particular Kind of search team, depending on local needs, regulations, or policies of the authority having jurisdiction. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.


ASTM F2685-14
Standard Guide for Training of a Land Search Team Leader (STL)
1.1 This guide establishes the minimum training standard for Land Search Team Leaders as it relates to their general, field, and search-specific knowledge, skills, and experience. 1.2 A Land Search Team Leader searches on the surface of the land only, including urban or disaster areas that may be isolated or have lost supporting infrastructure. 1.3 This guide does not provide the minimum training requirements for searching in partially or fully collapsed structures, in or on water, in confined spaces, or underground (such as in caves, mines, and tunnels). 1.4 No knots, rope, litter, or other rescue skills are required of a Land Search Team Leader. 1.5 A Land Search Team Leader can be utilized as a field team leader, a single resource for sign cutting, a support person for a canine search team, and to establish search area boundaries in the field. 1.6 A Land Search Team Leader is eligible to supervise Type II search teams or crews as defined in Classification F1993. Type II teams which may utilize personnel trained to this standard are: 1.6.1 Kind A (wilderness); 1.6.2 Kind B (urban); 1.6.3 Kind C (mountainous); 1.6.4 Kind J (evidence/cadaver); 1.6.5 King K (missing aircraft). 1.7 Further training may be required before a Land Search Team Leader can participate on a particular kind of search team, depending on the AHJ s regulations or policies. 1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.


ASTM F2751-09
Standard Guide for Training of Support Level Land Rescue Team Member (LRT-Support) Member
1.1 This guide establishes the minimum training standard for LRT-Support Members as it relates to their general, field, and rescue-specific knowledge and skills. This document may appropriately be used to develop or evaluate a training document or program. 1.2 An LRT-Support Member rescues on the surface of the land only, including wilderness, mountainous, desert, or remote environments. This guide alone does not provide the minimum training requirements for rescuing in the high angle environment, partially or fully collapsed structures, in or on water, in confined spaces, or underground (such as caves, mines, and tunnels). 1.2.1 An LRT-Support Member is required to have knowledge and skill sets pertaining to the evacuation/carryout component of rescue. 1.2.2 LRT-Support Members must work under qualified supervision. 1.2.3 LRT-Support Members are eligible to be members of Type II search teams or crews as defined in Classification F 1993 . 1.3 Type II teams which may utilize personnel trained to this guide are Kind A (wilderness), Kind C (mountainous), or other remote areas including urban or disaster areas that may be isolated or have lost their infrastructure. 1.3.1 Further training may be required before an LRT-Support Member can actually participate on a particular kind of rescue team, based on specific local need, regulations, or policies. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


ASTM F2752-09(2014)
Standard Guide for Training for Level I Rope Rescue (R1) Rescuer Endorsement
1.1 This guide is intended to be used in conjunction with, and as an add-on to, Guide F2751 (or equivalent for other environments), to address specific skills required for a rescuer who participates in rope rescue as part of a larger rescue duty. 1.1.1 Specifically, a Rope Rescue Endorsement is intended to provide guidance whereby an endorsed rescuer (under qualified supervision) may assist and support basic rope rescue functions, including patient packaging, litter rigging, and basic rope rigging functions, in conjunction with other rescue duties. 1.1.2 This guide establishes the minimum training standard for an endorsed Level I Rope Rescuer as related to general, field, and rope rescue-specific knowledge and skills. 1.1.3 Endorsed Level I Rope Rescuers (LRT-R1) must work under direct supervision of qualified rope rescue personnel. 1.2 An endorsed LRT-R1 Rescuer rescues on the surface of the land only. This guide alone does not provide the minimum training requirements for rescuing in partially or fully collapsed structures, in or on water, in confined spaces, or underground (such as caves, mines, and tunnels). 1.3 An endorsed LRT-R1 Rescuer is required to have knowledge and skill sets pertaining to the basic roped evacuation and carryout components of rope rescue. Only basic knots, rigging, and other patient transport skills are required of an endorsed LRT-R1 Rescuer. 1.4 Type II teams which may utilize personnel trained to this guide are Kind A (wilderness), Kind B (urban), and Kind C (mountainous).


CGA P-39-2008
Oxygen-Rich Atmospheres
Liquid and gaseous oxygen is a common product used in many industries and health care facilities. Oxygen is both essential to human life and a necessary product in many industrial processes. However, too little atmospheric oxygen (oxygen deficiency) presents a potential hazard from asphyxiation and too much oxygen (oxygen enrichment) can lead to increased risk of fire and burn injuries since oxygen supports and can accelerate combustion. This publication describes the potential hazards of an oxygen-rich atmosphere, how to detect and avoid an occurrence, and precautions and emergency response measures necessary should an oxygen-rich atmosphere occur.


CGA SB-15-2009
MANAGING HAZARDS IN CONFINED WORK SPACES DURING MAINTENANCE, CONSTRUCTION, AND SIMILAR ACTIVITIES
This publication identifies and gives general guidance on hazards and precautions in working in confined spaces.


CGA SB-2-2014
Safety Bulletin -Oxygen-Deficient Atmospheres
An oxygen-deficient atmosphere can bring about unconsciousness without warning. In as little as one or two breaths, an individual's life can be endangered by low oxygen intake. Oxygen-deficient atmospheres might not be limited to only confined spaces. They also can exist outside of a confined space opening. Table 1 describes a quantitative evaluation of the health effects and symptoms that can be expected in humans who inhale air containing less than normal levels of oxygen..


CSA Z1006-10
Management of work in confined spaces
Specifies requirements for establishing and maintaining a confined space management program in accordance with OHSMS principles the roles and responsibilities of the management representative entry team and emergency response team management of external service providers identification and designation of confined spaces design and engineering of confined spaces hazard identification and risk assessment relating to work in confined spaces management and control of hazards and risks associated with work in confined spaces general safety procedures for confined spaces personal protective equipment PPE and other equipment used for work in confined spaces emergency plans for rescuing workers in confined spaces training for work in confined spaces and determining fitness for work in confined spaces


ISA RP92.04.02 Part II-1996
Installation, Operation, and Maintenance of Instruments Used to Detect Oxygen-Deficient/Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres


JIS T 8201:2010
Oxygen deficiency indicator (Foreign Standard)


NFPA 1006-2008
NFPA 1006: Standard for Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications, 2008 Edition
Ensure that all your rescue technicians are up to the task. Apply the latest job criteria with the 2008 NFPA 1006. NFPA 1006: Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications establishes the minimum job performance requirements necessary for fire service and other emergency response personnel who perform technical rescue operations. These include rope rescue, surface water rescue, vehicle and machinery rescue, confined space rescue, structural collapse rescue, subterranean rescue, dive rescue, wilderness rescue, and trench rescue. Among the significant changes in the expanded 2008 edition are: Water chapters have been organized by type of environment û surface, swift, dive, ice, and surf Division of the subterranean chapter into two chapters--Mines & Tunnels and Caves Each chapter has been split into two levels--Level I and Level II. Increase effectiveness and mitigate risks in an inherently dangerous occupation. Order today and put the 2008 NFPA 1006 to work for you. (Softbound, Approx. 82 pp., 2008)


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